Home Greenhouse Parvispinus on Poinsettias? It’s Attainable. – ONfloriculture

Parvispinus on Poinsettias? It’s Attainable. – ONfloriculture

Parvispinus on Poinsettias? It’s Attainable. – ONfloriculture


Fig. 1. Parvispinus feeding on a poinsettia leaf.

Growers in Ontario proceed to wrestle with Thrips parvispinus on tropical crops like mandevilla, anthurium and schefflera. Sadly, experiences out of Europe additionally point out this invasive pest species may also assault poinsettia.

Learn on for what that you must be careful for, and potential administration methods.

The Subject

Though poinsettia (Euphorbiae pulcherrima) haven’t beforehand been reported as a bunch plant for Thrips parvipsinus (see https://mrec.ifas.ufl.edu/lsolab/thrips/thrips-parvispinus/ for all reported hosts), a grower in Europe was sort sufficient to succeed in out to me and ship photos of the injury he’s seen on this crop. Thrips parvispinus was confirmed because the perpetrator by native entomologists.

The injury appears very like “common” thrips injury, from western flower thrips or Echinothrips (see this photograph from U Mass extension.) Nonetheless, as seen with T. parvspinus feeding injury on different crops, there’s additionally a number of tissue distortion on new leaves (Fig. 2).

Fig. 2. Thrips parvispinus injury on poinsettia from a farm in Europe.

Ought to I be Involved?

Thrips parvispinus has been discovered in lots of international locations at this level (see Fig. 3), and might seemingly be present in adjoining international locations as effectively, even when it hasn’t been formally detected but. Many of those international locations provide poinsettia cuttings around the globe. These embody Spain, Guatemala and EL Salavador, in addition to Kenya and Ethiopia (that are proper subsequent to Tanzania and Uganda, the place T. parvispinus has been discovered).

Determine 3. Pink dots point out the areas the place T. parvisipnus has been formally discovered.

Nonetheless, simply because a farm is situated in a rustic, doesn’t imply it essentially has a Parvispinus drawback. Certainly, the grower who despatched me these photos had not had an issue till just lately. He strongly suspects the Parvispinus got here from fly-ins from a surrounding pepper discipline, the place the thrips have been inadequately managed. Though larvae have been seen within the poinsettia crop as effectively, it’s unclear at this level if Parvispinus can full their growth on poinsettias (which might make the outbreak self-limiting, so long as there weren’t different host vegetation within the greenhouse).

So, at this level, we’re merely recommending warning, some additional scouting of chopping supplies, and a few preventative remedies. Further warning must be used in case you are a tropical plant grower that additionally grows poinsettias, as we now know that Parvispinus might bounce from one crop into the opposite.

What Can I Do?

Early within the crop

Poinsettia cuttings ought to at all times be dipped in a mix of BotaniGard WP (2.5 g/L) and Suffoil X (0.1%) to scale back incoming populations of Bemisia whitefly. Fortunately, this dip may also assist fight Thrips parvispinus, as demonstrated by the Buitenhuis Lab on the Vineland Analysis and Innovation Centre (Fig. 4). Suffoil X must be used over insecticidal cleaning soap, as work has proven that T. parvispinus is available in on different plant cuttings principally as eggs, and oil dips can kill among the thrips eggs, not like cleaning soap.

Determine 4. Slicing dip information for numerous biorational pesticides towards T. parvispinus. Knowledge courtesy of the Buitenhuis Lab, Vineland Analysis and Innovation Centre.

For those who scout the incoming cuttings and see proof of heavy thrips feeding, see any darkish thrips, or discover a number of distorted plant tissue, have any thrips recognized by a advisor or entomologist. Or, try to establish them your self utilizing our easy thrips identification key for growers. If Parvispinus are confirmed or strongly suspected, it could be value doing preventative pesticide sprays on the propagation bench, shortly after rooting.

The necessary factor shall be to select chemical substances are much less seemingly for use once more Bemisia whitefly (resulting in potential resistance points later within the crop), in addition to chemical substances with shorter residuals or which have low impacts on pure enemies for Bemisia, that are typically launched at potting.

Chemical choices embody:

  • Success (spinosad) – efficient towards adults and larvae of Parvispinus; low toxicity to parasitic wasps. Arduous on predatory mites (e.g. Amblyseius for whitefly eggs) for as much as 8 weeks.
  • Kontos (spirotetramat) – efficient towards larval Parvispinus – low toxicity to parasitic wasps and mites if utilized as a drench.
  • Rimon (novaluron) – efficient towards larval Parvispinus – low toxicity to most bios.
  • Lalguard M52 EC – efficient towards grownup and larval Parvispinus – good compatibility with bios, however examine for phytotoxicity on cuttings, as it’s an oil formulation.

Later within the crop

In an ideal world, hopefully any Parvispinus points you could encounter can be cleaned up in propagation. Additional pesticide purposes must be averted within the potted crop till late September, to keep away from shifting Bemisia communities in direction of the extra resistant MED species (beforehand referred to as the “Q” biotype).

For those who do have to spray, training correct pesticide rotation shall be extremely necessary in avoiding resistance points in BOTH pests. Be sure to make use of pesticides from completely different chemical teams 5-7 days aside, and don’t return to the primary chemical group till a full technology of the pest has handed (e.g. 18-28d for Bemisia in heat climate).

Chemical choices which have exercise on each Parvispinus and Bemisia embody:

  • Altus (flupyradifurone) – Group 4D
  • Beleaf (flonicamid) – utilized as a drench – Group 29
  • Ference (cyantraniliprole) – Group 48
  • Kontos (spirotetramat) – utilized as a drench -Group 23
  • Rycar (pyrifluquinazon) – Group 9B

In earlier years growers have seen that tank mixes of those chemical substances can enhance management towards Bemisia; this tactic can also provide improved management for T. parvispinus. Nonetheless, tank-mixing rules have been modified in December 2023 in Canada. Learn this weblog put up for the best way to decide if sure chemical substances may be blended or not.

Take House Message

Thrips parvispinus are usually not a given in Poinsettia – at this price, we don’t know the way a lot they like this host plant, or if that is extra of a “crime of alternative”. Nonetheless, on condition that Parvispinus has the potential to disrupt biocontrol packages for Bemisia whitefly on this crop, early detection and intervention shall be essential.



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